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《Bran-New + The United States Foreign Policy Stands At The Crossroads》Zbigniew Brzezinski - THE CHOICE : Global Domination or Global Leadership

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7 months ago oleh trustedplatform

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This New York Times bestseller in paperback edition is a bran-new book and nicely wrapped with protective book-wrapper. The original new book is sold at usual price RM41.25. Now here Only at RM15. American power and a pervasive globalization are the central realities of today's world, and the source of its thorniest dilemmas. Yet while America's unprecedented might should be the source of global security, Americans today feel less secure than ever. Globalization promotes American dominance even as it breeds anti-American resentment. In The Choice, former National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski addresses the historic choice facing America at this very moment: ☞ Will it strive to dominate the world, or lead it? Reminding us that American dominance should not be confused with omnipotence, Brzezinski shows how America's well-being and the world's are entwined, and that America must find a way to be both guarantor of global security and promoter of the global common good. "When it comes to what might be called the 'philosophy' of foreign policy-the relationship of U.S. power and policy to broader historical and cultural trends-no statesman of Brzezinski's generation is in his league. . .. The overwhelming reality of our time is this: In the opening years of the 21st century, the United States finds itself not only the most powerful nation on earth but the most powerful nation that has ever existed. Given the contradictory roles America plays in the world, we are fated to be the catalyst for either a new global community or for global chaos. If we don't lead, Zbigniew Brzezinski contends, rather than merely dominate by force, we could face worldwide hostility much like the regional hostility now confronting Israel. Brzezinski argues for a more complex and sophisticated view of our global role than much of our media and political leadership are willing to entertain. We are the world's policeman, but we have to be seen as a fair one. We are entitled to a higher level of security than other nations (because we assume greater risks), but we are also the proponent of essential freedoms. We are uniquely powerful, but our homeland is uniquely -and chronically-vulnerable. "Globalization" precludes immunity for even the most powerful. This is an impressively lucid assessment, informed by decades of experience on the front lines of foreign policy, of where we stand in the world and where we should go from here. As the only global superpower, America can use its military, economic and cultural might for good or ill. We can use our power to become a worldwide empire, or to support and enhance global stability. And enhancing global stability is really the best way to enhance our own security. The most likely threats to security in today's world do not come from direct conflict with other nations. They come from regional conflicts (such as between Pakistan and India), ethnic conflicts, oppressed peoples attempts to liberate themselves, terrorism and cyberattacks. In this environment, security readiness needs to include fostering public recognition that vulnerability is a fact of life. Building better security in regard to these threats requires cooperation with other governments. Terrorism is a good example of this point. To understand how to combat terrorism, one first has to understand terrorism itself. Terrorists themselves may be irredeemable, but the conditions that foster them are not. Terrorism is a technique of war, being used by agents that are trying to solve a political problem. Declaring war on terrorism is akin to declaring war on blitzkrieg; one is blinding oneself to the enemy that is running the engine of war. Terrorism originates in the poorest and most oppressed regions of the world, and much of the terrorism against the US is tied to middle east conflicts. Unwillingness to recognize these fact alienates supporters and builds strategy that is built on mistaken assumptions. Also, a policy of unilateral compulsion against governments breeds a high priority for developing WMDs among governments who do not want to be american vassals. Modern communication creates unrest because oppressed or poverty-stricken peoples have knowledge of how much better others live. And modern technology enables weak ones to attack the strong. Those who have nothing to lose are thus most likely to become security threats. They can also make themselves stronger by simplified thinking about their target, in order to focus hostility and resolve. But simplified thinking makes the strong weak. To defend against terrorism, we need to pacify and organize the socially deprived and politically unjustly treated. We need to stabilize the energy-producing regions. Simplifying the target blinds us to the effects of our choices. The US needs to make the EU an ally in stabilizing the middle east. We need to encourage the expansion of EU and NATO to increase the stability in Eurasia. We need to recognize that our continuing economic investment in China enables it to be peaceful with Japan. China and India should be added to the G8 (making a G10) to further increase stability and recognize their important roles in that region. Globalization has become synonymous with Americanization among many oppressed peoples. This causes America to become a target of resentment whenever globalization is seen as causing hardships. US has not created a level playing field in its agreements. Accountability must be established and sensitivity to oppressed or this resentment could lead to greater instability. Many of the poorest regions of the world are having increasingly young populations, while the industrialized populations are becoming older. This could lead to restlessness against US and vulnerability among richer nations. A doctrine of prevention should not be conflated with with a doctrine of prevention. There is a big difference between launching a preemptive attack against an agent that is about to launch an attack against you, and launching a preventive attack against someone who is hostile toward you and might someday think about attacking you. A doctrine of preventive attack unleashing rationalization for an extremely unstable global environment. About the Author Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter, is a counselor and trustee at the centre for Strategic and International Studies and a professor of American foreign policy at the School of Advanced International Studies, the Johns Hopkins University, both located in Washington, D.C. His many books include The Choice and The Grand Chessboard. He lives in Washington, D.C.

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