《New Book Condition + The Development & Adoption Of The Inovative Fracking Technology》Russell Gold - THE BOOM : How Fracking Ignited the American Energy Revolution and Changed the World
This award-winner bestseller in paperback edition is a bran-new book and nicely wrapped with protective book-wrapper. The original new book is sold at usual price RM79.43. Now here Only at RM16. ★★ The Wall Street Journal Bestseller ★★ ★★ Longlisted For The Financial Times★★ ★★ Longlisted For McKinsey Business Book of The Year Award ★★ The “best all-around book yet on fracking” (San Francisco Chronicle) from a Pulitzer Prize finalist: “Gold's work is a tour de force of contemporary journalism” (Booklist). First invented in 1947, hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, has not only become a major source of energy, it is changing the way we use energy, and the energy we use. It is both a threat and a godsend for the environment, and it is leading the revival of manufacturing in the United States. A definitive narrative history, The Boom follows the twists and turns in the development and adoption of this radical technology. It is a thrilling journey filled with colorful characters: the green-minded Texas oilman who created the first modern frack; a bare-knuckled Oklahoman natural gas empire-builder who gave the world an enormous new supply of energy and was brought down by his own success and excesses; an environmental leader whose embrace of fracking brought an end to his public career; and an aging fracking pioneer who is now trying to save the industry from itself. A fascinating and exciting exploration of one of the most controversial and promising sources of energy, The Boom “brings new clarity to a subject awash in hype from all sides…a thoughtful, well-written, and carefully researched book that provides the best overview yet of the pros and cons of fracking. Gold quietly leads both supporters and critics of drilling to consider other views” (Associated Press). What is Fracking? Fracking is shorthand for hydraulic fracturing, a type of drilling that has been used commercially for 65 years. Today, the combination of advanced hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling, employing cutting-edge technologies, is mostly responsible for surging U.S. oil and natural gas production. Hydraulic fracturing involves safely tapping shale and other tight-rock formations by drilling a mile or more below the surface before gradually turning horizontal and continuing several thousand feet more. Thus, a single surface site can accommodate a number of wells. Once the well is drilled, cased and cemented, small perforations are made in the horizontal portion of the well pipe, through which a typical mixture of water (90 percent), sand (9.5 percent) and additives (0.5 percent) is pumped at high pressure to create micro-fractures in the rock that are held open by the grains of sand. Additives play a number of roles, including helping to reduce friction (thereby reducing the amount of pumping pressure from diesel-powered sources, which reduces air emissions) and prevent pipe corrosion, which in turn help protect the environment and boost well efficiency. Why Fracking? Safe hydraulic fracturing is the biggest single reason America is having an energy revolution right now, one that has changed the U.S. energy picture from scarcity to abundance. Fracking is letting the U.S. tap vast oil and natural gas reserves that previously were locked away in shale and other tight-rock formations. Up to 95 percent of natural gas wells drilled in the next decade will require hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing also is being used to stimulate new production from older wells. Because of shale and fracking, the International Energy Agency projects that the U.S. could become the world’s leading oil producer by 2015. As for natural gas, the United States is the leading producer in the world, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA estimates total U.S. gas production from 2012 to 2040 will increase 56 percent, with natural gas from shale the leading contributor. The shale gas share of total U.S. production will increase from 40 percent in 2012 to 53 percent in 2040, EIA projects. Simply put, fracking is the engine in the U.S. energy revolution. Fracking is a colloquialism that has entered everyday conversation only in the last dozen years, as the drilling operation it refers to, fracturing underground shale deposits to extract oil and gas, has literally and figuratively burst onto the American energy-production landscape. Tagging along with it are all the ideas the word evokes, both good and bad, from energy independence to possible contamination of underground water aquifers. Gold, an award-winning senior energy reporter for the Wall Street Journal, has the ideal background for creating an engrossing history of fracking, while weighing its benefits against its potential hazards. He describes the scene at a typical fracking operation in North Dakota near a well surrounded by water tanks and monitoring hardware. He profiles Aubrey McLendon, one of fracking’s most enthusiastic champions, whose star fell quickly when he mismanaged company funds. Gold also adds a more personal touch to his report when he describes the unpleasant impact drilling companies had on his parents when they sold the mining rights to their rural Pennsylvania property. Combining lucid explanations of fracking’s technical aspects with the practice’s more dramatic backstory, Gold’s work is a tour de force of contemporary journalism that will captivate anyone concerned with the future of energy consumption and our rapidly changing climate. About the Author Russell Gold has reported on energy regularly in The Wall Street Journal since 2002. His coverage of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill was honored with a Gerald Loeb Award and was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. He lives in Austin, Texas
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