Order of the Crown / Ordre de la Couronne
For sale is the Order of the Crown. Instituted on October 15 1897 by King Leopold II, initially as an order of his "Congo Free State" but was absorbed into the Belgian awards system when the Congo became a Belgian colony in 1908. It is junior to the Order of Leopold. Awarded to Belgians and foreign nationals who distinguish themselves in the arts, library and scientific work or in industrial and commercial enterprise. This order can also be bestowed for services to Belgium or to African civilisation , both for military or civilian efforts. The order has six (6) classes, Grand Cordon, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, Knight and Palmes of the Order of the Crown. The sixth class can be awarded in gold and silver. The crossed swords are added (as is this piece) when awarded in wartime. The badge of the order is a five cleft armed star in-filled with a pentagonal pattern of intermediate rays, the blue enamel central medallion bears the image of the royal crown on the observe side and a mirrored Leopold "L" royal monogram on the reverse side. Estimated age of this item : 100 years (World War 1). Ribbon: Dark Red.